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Page 333

    and the truth of His sin-hating justice in passing by others in order that they receive the just punishment their sins deserve, as a warning to all."

    Which of Christ's parables relate an example of unjust murmuring against a master who dealt justly and fairly with all of his servants, but gave extra, gracious payments to others? What lesson does this parable teach?

Limited Atonement (or Particular Redemption)

The term "limited atonement" refers to Christ's atoning work being paid for the ransom of all His elect. The nature of Jesus' atonement is not limited but its saving application is limited to God's children. Jesus' death does not atone for all the sins of all people. "Particular redemption" has a similar meaning, i.e., that Christ's redemptive work was for His Church, for the particular individuals who will be saved. Those chosen by the Father in election are redeemed by Christ the Son. For this reason He came into the world to suffer and die, to pay the full price of sin for them.

The chart below contrasts the main beliefs of Calvinism and Arminianism regarding limited atonement.

CHRIST'S ATONEMENT

Arminiansim (Universal Redemption)

Calvinism (Particular Redemption)

1. Christ died in the same way for all people.

1. Christ died in a saving way only for His chosen people.

2. Christ's death only opened the possibility for all to be saved.

2. Christ's death not only opened the possibility, but it secured the full salvation of the elect.

3. Christ's redeeming work only becomes effective if a person chooses to accept it.

3. Christ's redeeming work is always effective due to the Spirit's irresistible application of it to the elect.

The following scriptural references are examples which verify the truth of the three Calvinistic statements in the preceding chart.





What is meant by the following statement, "The death of Christ is sufficient to save all the world, but it is not efficient to that end"?





What is the difference between universal redemption and particular redemption?


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