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What is "oil" a type of in Scripture? In the Old Testarnent, why were prophets, priests, and kings always anointed with oil?

 

I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

- Proverbs 8:23

For He whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto Him.

- John 3:34

Therefore God, Thy God, bath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.

- Psalm 45:7b

How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with Him.

- Acts 10:38

 

Describe how the Triune God can be seen in the anointing of Christ in the following verses:
- God the Father as "The Anointer"
- God the Son as "The Anointed"
- God the Holy Spirit as "The Anointing"

Matthew 3:16-17

And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him:

And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

As explained previously when studying the name "Christ," the anointing of a person to an office signified his:

1. Being ordained by God (appointed, chosen and placed) into an office

2. Being qualified by God (given the necessary abilities) for the office

When speaking of Christ's offices, we speak of His being ordained by God from eternity to serve as Prophet, Priest and King for His Church. He was qualified by God in time for His work.

The qualifying of Christ was only necessary for His human nature. No qualifying work was needed for His divine nature, for it is infinitely perfect in itself. The Holy Spirit qualified the human nature of Christ by giving Him unlimited gifts of wisdom, power, and holiness to execute His offices: wisdom to teach, power to perform miracles, and holiness to live a sinless life.

In the Old Testament, the Holy Spirit qualified those who were anointed for the work their offices required. But the Spirit's qualifying gifts were always limited. With Jesus Christ, however, the Holy Spirit's anointing was unlimited, "for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto Him" (John 3:34).

Jesus Christ is uniquely qualified to be a perfect Prophet, Priest, and King. In His divine nature He is God; in His human nature the Holy Spirit qualified Him in an unlimited measure.

As perfect Officebearer, Christ's work can be distinguished into the three offices of Prophet, Priest, and King. However, in the exercise of each office, no one office can be separated from the other two. When Christ teaches as Prophet, He is a kingly and priestly Teacher. When He atones as Priest, He is a teaching and kingly Priest. When Christ rules, He is a prophetical and priestly King. All three offices are one in Christ, but to clearly study His work, we distinguish it in the work of three offices - that of prophet, priest, and king.


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